• Independent Birma

    Out came again Burma under British rule. However, the British colonial government could no longer ignore the popularity of AFPFL and its leader Aung San and made ??him on 26 September 1946 Deputy Chairman of the Executive Council (Executive Council of Burma) by the British Governor, and thus de facto head of government. However, he fell on July 19, 1947 assassinated. He was succeeded by U Nu.

    On January 4, 1948 Burma was granted independence. Sao Shwe Thaik (+ 1962) was the first President of the Burmese Union. From 1948 to 1949 severe separatist aspirations of ethnic minorities (especially Karen) and uprisings of communist groups to stabilize the country.